Anemia is a condition where the person goes through the lacking of the level of blood that the person should have in the body. Anemia makes its growth when there are not many healthy red blood cells, then this disease makes its place and start growing in the body by expanding the weakness and diluting more of the cells, and through this the healthy red blood cells are much diluted and gradually these cells go damaged and there will be not a sufficient amount of blood that the body needs to keep the organs to be functioning.
The Hemoglobin is the main part of the red blood cells, and it is considered to be the main component of the red blood cells. It is this hemoglobin that binds the oxygen and also helps the organs to function properly and also keep the organs healthy and does the functioning of the body to be in a proper condition.
The main issue comes when there are not enough red blood cells that have to be, the count of the red blood cells is quite low and keeps the functioning of the body in a degrading position, it is through this the amount of oxygen that the body needs will not be sufficient enough. The hemoglobin is indeed counted low, so to this, the oxygen that the organs need will be lagging and this is where Anemia starts hitting the body and makes the grow weak.
Causes of Anemia
- Hemolysis (erythrocytes easily broken).
- Bone marrow suppression (eg by cancer).
- Nutrient deficiency (nutritional anemia), including iron deficiency, folic acid, pyridoxine, vitamin C and copper.
According to various sources the causes of anemia include:
- Less consumption of foods containing iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, vitamin C, and the elements necessary for the formation of red blood cells.
- Excessive menstrual blood. Women who are menstruating prone to iron deficiency anemia when much menstrual blood and not enough iron stores.
- Pregnancy. Pregnant women are prone to anemia because the fetus to absorb iron and vitamins for growth.
- Certain diseases. Diseases that cause continuous bleeding in the digestive tract such as gastritis and appendicitis can lead to anemia.
- Certain drugs. Several types of medications can cause stomach bleeding (aspirin, anti-inflammatory, etc.). Other drugs can cause problems in the absorption of iron and vitamins (antacids, birth control pills, antiarthritis, etc.).
- Retrieval operation of part or all of the stomach (gastrectomy). It can cause anemia because the body absorbs less iron and vitamin B12.
- Chronic inflammatory diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, thyroid gland problems, some types of cancer and other diseases can cause anemia because they affect the process of the formation of red blood cells.
- In children, anemia can occur due to hookworm infection, malaria, or dysentery that caused a severe shortage of blood.
There are certain forms of Anemia which are hereditary and often get continued or passed to the next generations. And with this, the infants may be affected at the time of birth and this may lead the child to grow in an unhealthy way.
Nursing Care Plan
Another factor of time is when the women are during their childbearing days and during this time there are more susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia because of the blood loss that the woman face, the loss of blood during the menstruation and it is also during this time that the woman needs more of the blood and the amount of the supply that the person needs is to be in loads of amounts and with this the woman can stand better off during the pregnancy.
Another factor that we can see is in the older people and by this it means that it includes that the people who have crossed a certain age and thus leading into their old age. This type of groups have the chances of being affected by Anemia.
This is caused by either of the old age or through the diet that they are going through, where kind of diet is insufficient to the body, which is in turn named as a poor intake of diet. The other cause would be because of the medical conditions that the person might be going through.
These are based on the data that is assessed by the nurse and also on the symptoms that the patient manifests. With these nursing diagnoses, the patient can be in control and also helps in maintaining the level of blood that is sufficient for the body.
Manage the fatigue, this is considered to be one of the most influential.
Make sure that the patient is prioritizing the activities and through these activities let the there also be a time assigned to take rest.
There should be a proper balance to be maintained between the activity and the rest that the person should be taking. This should be acceptable to the patient and also helps the patient to have a balanced life.
The physical activity is indeed considered to be one of the most prominent and it is also to be held at one of the ways to maintain and keep the body in a good condition.
The patients who are suffering from chronic anemia need to maintain some physical activity and should be doing exercises to make sure that the patient is prevented from deconditioning that results from the inactivity.
Anemia Nursing Diagnosis
Maintaining proper nutrition would far help the patient in keeping a track record of keeping a healthy body.
The nurse should make the patient go on a healthy diet and also help the patient to get enough and adequate nutrition. The essentials nutritions should be maintained by the patient as through this the patient will be able to get the most amount of the blood gets into the body by having a good nutritious meal.
Alcohol intake should be lessened or it should be kept away from the patient. The nurse should make the patient aware that taking or consuming alcohol might make the patient drown all the nutrition that should be needed for the body.
There should be sessions or some teaching that should be made to the patient as through this the patient will be able to make the patient and also their family members to know the actual aspects that the patient need to follow, and through this the person will also be understood about the actual living and the diet intake that the patient should actually follow. The meals should actually be taken in a proper and also there should be scheduling that the patient needs to follow and also learn to keep the body in a functioning way.
The patient should be monitored about the vital signs and also the pulse oximeter readings should be under observation and the readings should be taken closely.
There should be health education given to the patient and instruct the patient to take more of the iron-based foods which help to build up the hemoglobin and thus make the person be stable enough and this also provides much of the improvement in health and also make the body to be stronger.
The iron intake of food should be prescribed by the physician and the food intake should also be scheduled in a proper time and through this, the person will further be helpful to the patient to have a stable body and also make the person grow in health. There should not also be any stress that the patient should be taking.