Diabetes or diabetes is a metabolic disease where blood glucose levels go on normally high.
This disease is caused by the defective carbohydrate metabolism which is characterized by abnormally in large amounts of sugar in the blood and also urine.
Diabetes is classified in to two types-
type 1- this kind of diabetes is the ‘insulin-independent’ diabetes mellitus which in short is called as IDDM. which in turn is formerly called as the – juvenile-onset diabetes, this kind of diabetes is caused mostly in children and also young adults which these days is considered to be common among the generations and also it has been thoroughly been taking place through, as the ages are being getting accustomed to this new kind of diet that is being sold out in the market.
The type 2 kind of diabetes is called as the ’non-insulin’- dependent diabetes mellitus in short is also called as NIDDM. This kind of diabetes is mostly seen in persons of over 40 years old and those who are in their old ages.
Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease where blood glucose levels are abnormally high.
There are these most common symptoms that are seen when the person is usually getting into the state of being delushinsized by the disease, and often mark a eventual body changes which seems to be occuring in a slow process to the body and further gets into the development of Diabetes.
Symptoms of high blood glucose levels include:
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections.
Make sure that the patient is instructed to avoid heating pads and always try to wear shoes when the person is walking. With this the patient will feel a lot more better in making a way to live a coordinate lifestyle.
Rationale- the patients have decreased sensations in the extremities due to peripheral neuropathy.
Another way to diagnosis is reflecting on the knowledge. Look for signs of avoidance to learn. This is one of the interventions that is marked in the nursing diagnosis.
Rationale- it reflects on the need to stress the consequences that may happen in lieu of the lack of knowledge.
There should be an identification of the client’s supportive people to those that they need to know the information about the diabetes regimen planned.
Rationale- The clients’ supporters like parents or the spouse need to be provided the right information, and also they should take part in the treatment or the process that the client is undergoing.
When the treatment is under process or when the patient is upheld with the procedure of taking the course getting the medication procedure, the patient should be given only the relevant information.
Rationale- there should be information which is related to the only to the situation. Under the medication procedure, there shouldn’t be any sort mis- conception or mis- treatment or any sort of confusion which should be going on when the medical process is going on.
Make sure that the patient is given written information or the perception of the guidelines that the patient should in turn follow. With all this there should also be given self-learning guidelines about the proper diet and all the essentials that the patient need during the course of medication.
Rationale- The information which is written will be helpful for the clients and thus it would also be much helpful in the future clarification.
Ensure client is knowledgeable about using his own blood glucose monitoring device. The patient should be well versed in knowing about the glucose levels that the patient is going through.
Rationale- Vital in preventing the sudden increase or decrease in blood and glucose levels. This indeed makes the person stable in everyday activities and also helps in maintaining a balanced walk of life.
Rationale- The blood glucose monitoring device is a handy and accurate way of assessing blood glucose levels. Proper usage of this device is essential in detecting unstable blood glucose levels. This indeed is very much useful to the patient and it helps the patient to know the level of sugar that it is consumed in the body.
This is indeed a very good way to make the patient to know about the stress or the kind of congestion that the patient is going through. Educate about balancing food intake with physical activities.
Educate about adjusting home glucose monitoring frequency depending on client’s risk factors like stress and poor diet. This makes the patient clear about the food that is being taken and also to give a balanced healthy lifestyle, and makes the patient to follow an adequate diet.
Rationale-To quickly identify fluctuating blood glucose levels for immediate correction. This indeed is a very helpful way in making the patient to promote a healthy living. This also gives a balanced intake of meals and also to maintain the levels of sugar intake and thus stands as a very helpful mode to the patient.
Review and discuss client’s carbohydrate intake. This makes the patient to be updated and also to be aware of health that the body is processing.
Rationale-Blood glucose levels greatly depend on carbohydrate intake. It should be monitored and controlled closely when stabilizing high blood glucose levels. In this way the patient also feels at peace rather keeping the mind at stake.
Discuss how the client’s anti-diabetic medications work. By this way the person also feels the level of health life is being going through and will always be updated. This makes the patient to be at satisfactory mode of living.
Rationale-Essential in ensuring client understands of his treatment regimen to ensure his compliance and adherence. This stands as a very helpful way in order to make the patient to understand the state of life that is going through or the medication terms which are being processed, through which the body has maintained or the changes that it has gone through.